Residential curbside collection of recycling was implemented in Collier County in 1990 with the introduction of an 18 gallon bin. Items were to be placed in the bin unbagged and the recycling truck driver sorted the items at the curb into two categories, paper and containers, on a dual stream truck. In October 2005 Collier County implemented Single Stream curbside recycling collection that introduced the 64 gallon cart. The cart not only gave the homeowner more space to recycle it also provided a covered container with wheels. Single stream recycling means no sorting at the curb, allowing for total automation in collection.
Recyclable materials collected in Collier County are taken to a materials recovery facility in Pembroke Pines, Florida, where the recyclables are dumped on a tipping floor and then placed on a conveyor belt that transfers all of the material into an automated sorting system. The automated system does not allow for bagged recyclable materials. One major issue of recycling is contamination. Recyclable material is considered contaminated if more than 10% of garbage is mixed with recyclables. Collier County has developed a public educational outreach program to help teach our residence how to recycle properly.
The Solid Waste Management Department of Collier County provides service for the collection of residential recycled material through the franchised solid waste collection program. The program serves approximately 110,000 residential accounts: 104,000 in the District 1 service area, and about 6,000 in the District II service area. District I, also referred to as the Naples Service Area, comprises most of the service area within the county, representing about 95% of all residential assessed accounts. District II, also known as the Immokalee Service Area, consists of the northern tip of the county and the remaining 5% of the residential assessed accounts. The franchise waste collection program reflects a "best of class" operation. It includes the following level of service for residential customers, including those in multi-family complexes.
Garbage Collection: twice weekly (Unlimited)
Yard Trash Collection: weekly (Up to 10 Bundles)
White Goods (appliances) Collection: weekly-On Demand
Brown Goods (furniture) Collection: weekly-On Demand
Electronics (televisions, computers, etc.)Collection: weekly-On Demand
Passenger Tire Collection: weekly
Recycling Collection: weekly (standard 64-gallon cart)
º Customers must call the Customer Service Department at least 48-hours prior to their recycling collection day to schedule a pick-up. Call 239-252-2380, then select Option Two.
Unlimited collection and comprehensive recycling is provided countywide to discourage illegal dumping, a historic problem adversely affecting the county's sensitive environment.
The Solid Waste Management Department is responsible for recycling and diverting roughly 75% of the total waste stream generated in the county. The Department, with the support of the Board of County Commissioners, has taken proactive steps to manage recyclables that are generated outside the franchise collection program. On July 24, 2004, the Board approved a Mandatory Non-Residential Recycling Ordinance, No. 2004-50, to require recycling on non-residential properties making recycling mandatory for businesses.
On December 5, 2006, the Board approved the Integrated Solid Waste Management Strategy (ISWMS) that included aspects relating to source reduction, materials reuse, and recycling. One component of the ISWMS relates to enhancing recycling in the commercial sector through education and enforcement; promoting recycling at multi-family residential complexes; and implementing recycling at temporary events and event venues. On June 10, 2008, the Board approved the development of an amendment to Ordinance No. 2004-50. On October 27, 2009, the Board adopted the Collier County Recycling Ordinance No. 2009-56, mandating a more extensive recycling program; requiring multi-family properties to provide recycling collection containers and recycling services to residents; requiring recycling at temporary events and event venue facilities; establishing educational programs concerning recycling; and, providing incentives and awards programs making recycling more attractive to businesses, multi-family properties, temporary events, event venue facilities, and institutions in Collier County.
FLORIDA 75% RECYCLING GOAL
In 2008, The Energy, Climate Change, and Economic Security Act established a new statewide recycling goal. The statute directs the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) to develop a program designed to achieve a 75% recycling goal by 2020. The FDEP recycling program requires a recycling rate statewide of 45% by 2012, 50% by 2014, 60% by 2016, 70% by 2018, and 75% by 2020. Annual certified recycling rates are determined by FDEP and are comprised of a percentage of total tons collected for recycled materials such as paper, plastics, yard trash, construction and demolition material (C&D), aluminum, etc.
In 2009, the FDEP reported a combined countywide certified recycling rate of 38% for Collier County. In 2008, the FDEP reported a certified residential single-stream recycling rate of 80% for Collier County. The FDEP certified recycling rate is forecasted to increase as the county continues to meet the recycling goal with successful management of the waste stream through recycling and diversion initiatives.
The county's diversion program has a high degree of flexibility but is subject to market conditions. In 2009, 535,601 tons of waste was diverted from Collier County. The diversion program includes both waste transferred out of the county from the Immokalee Transfer Station, construction and demolition debris and yard trash managed outside the franchise collection contract, and biosolids generated at the county's waste water reclamation facilities.